Tuesday, September 13, 2005

The 75th Ranger Regiment

http://www.75thrra.com/ http://www.airborneranger.com/forums/index.php?act=portal

The 75th Ranger Regiment, composed of three Ranger battalions, is the premier light-infantry unit of the United States Army. Headquartered at Fort Benning, Ga., the 75th Ranger Regiment’s mission is to plan and conduct special missions in support of U.S. policy and objectives. The three Ranger battalions that comprise the 75th Ranger Regiment are geographically dispersed. Their locations are:
  • lst Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, Hunter Army Airfield, Ga.
  • 2nd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, Fort Lewis, Wash.
  • 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, Fort Benning, Ga.
The Army maintains theRegiment at a high level of readiness. Each battalion can deploy anywhere in the world with 18 hours notice. Because of the importance the Army places on the 75th Ranger Regiment, it must possess a number of capabilities. These capabilities include:
  • Infiltrating and exfiltrating by land, sea and air
  • Conducting direct action operations
  • Conducting raids
  • Recovery of personnel and special equipment
  • Conducting conventional or special light-infantry operations
To maintain readiness, Rangers train constantly. Their training encompasses arctic, jungle, desert, and mountain operations, as well as amphibious instruction. The training philosophy of the 75th Ranger Regiment dictates the unit’s’ high state of readiness. The philosophy includes performance-oriented training emphasizing tough standards and a focus on realism and live-fire exercises, while concentrating on the basics and safety. Training at night, during adverse weather, or on difficult terrain multiplies the benefits of training events. Throughout training, Rangers are taught to expect the unexpected.

All officers and enlisted soldiers in the Regiment are four-time volunteers – for the Army, Airborne School, the Ranger Regiment and Ranger School. Those volunteers selected for the 75th Ranger Regiment must meet tough physical, mental and moral criteria. All commissioned officers and combat-arms NCOs must be airborne and Ranger qualified and have demonstrated a proficiency in the duty position for which they are seeking.

Upon assignment to the Regiment, both officers and senior NCOs attend the Ranger Orientation program to integrate them into the Regiment. ROP familiarizes them with Regimental policies, standing operating procedures, the Commander’s intent and Ranger standards. Enlisted soldiers assigned to the Regiment go through the Ranger Indoctrination Program. RIP assesses Rangers on their physical qualifications and indoctrinates basic Regimental standards. Soldiers must pass ROP or RIP to be assigned to the 75th Ranger Regiment.

Junior enlisted soldiers who are not Ranger qualified must attend a Pre-Ranger course, which ensures they are administratively, physically and mentally prepared before they attend the U.S. Army Ranger Course. The result of this demanding selection and training process is a Ranger who can lead effectively against enormous mental and physical odds.

Each Ranger battalion is authorized 660 personnel assigned to three rifle companies and a headquarters company.

Ranger battalions are light infantry and have only a few vehicles and crew-served weapons systems. Standard weapon systems of the unit are listed below:
  • 84mm Ranger Antitank Weapons System (RAWS)
  • 60mm Mortars M240B Machine Guns
  • 81mm Mortars Mark 19 RP MM Grenade Launcher
  • 120mm Mortars Stinger

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